Carane diselidiki wis kabentuk lan fungsi Ngartekno bisa mengaruhi kapercayan lan organisasi sing direstoni iku. Gedhe utawa cilik, an diselidiki is viewed as an impartial fact-finding process mandated to reveal the truth—a simple concept that often gets derailed from the start. There are many investigations that have failed and met with public criticism. Allegations and situations were either reacted upon too quickly, too slowly, not at all or structured inappropriately for the complexity of the task at hand.
Dadi apa penyelidikan gagal? Donya wis ganti kanthi cepet lan saben wong, organisasi lan investigator perlu kanggo mangerteni lan berkembang skill saka pikiran kritis.
Minangka manungsa, kita duwe kemampuan kanggo proses pikiraken loro logis lan ora klebu nalar. Kita mung kewan sing napsiraken Alexa karo pamikiran sadar, nyusun meaning, gagasan, konsep, model lan teori ingkang nerangaken, prédhiksi, kontrol, lan sift liwat Alexa kanggo mbédakaké relevansi. Kita uga duwé kapasitas mental kanggo negate, mbantah, ngapusi, misconceive, molak, stereotype, wangun prejudices lan persepsi panah-minded. Apa aku ora kejawab apa?
Miwiti saka premis sing siji ora tumindak sejatine sifate objectively lan rationally. Kita connive kanggo kapentingan mentingake awake dhewe. Kita gossip, ngegung-gungaké, exaggerate, lan duweni dalih. We collectively accept (and perhaps excuse) this behaviour with truisms like “It is only human”.
Critical thinking is an objective analysis of a problem based on rational thought, self-awareness, honesty, open-mindedness and an awareness of the frailty (and danger) of our own judgements
So what is critical thinking? It may be best described as a form of disciplined thinking – an objective analysis of a problem based on rational thought, self-awareness, honesty, open-mindedness and an awareness of the frailty (and danger) of our own judgments. Because investigations often rely on the observation, interpretation and judgment of humans, we have a greater predisposition for preconceived notions or confirmation bias in the evidence presented.
Critical thinking in investigation is paramount – and effective – in that it avoids common pitfalls. It prevents the discounting of evidence that disconfirms your ideas; diffuses narrow-mindedness that makes you otherwise see only one side of an issue; prevents reasoning from passion rather than logic; lan, safeguards against embracing conjecture that is not supported by evidence.
Mature teams that are self organized and self-directed, usually think critically. An effective investigative team can only be effective if they think critically, lan, with awareness that even they aren’t immune to the thought traps I’ve described. A critical thinking investigator understands human nature lan their own nature, and so uses caution, critically assessing their own thoughts, and using novel ideas so as not to apply the same templates to different problems. Nyobi investigator experienced lan ketemu cara anyar lan luwih apik kanggo ngasilaken adil, asil faktual.
Ana akeh macem-macem jinis penyelidikan kayata panggonan makaryo, pidana, peraturan, sipil lan supaya ing. Kaya warna minangka padha bisa koyone, penyelidikan duwe commonalities saka protokol struktur lan proses. Nganakake diselidiki kanggo standar sing withstands nliti mbutuhake pendekatan kabentuk, sumber cocok lan penyidik trampil. Apa ndadekake selidik trampil trampil, bakal umumé ditemokaké ing / kemampuan dheweke mikir kritis. Kritik saka diselidiki wae bakal tantangan salah siji asil utawa metodologi sawijining. Yen temonan ora bisa tantangan, ana uga sing nyoba kanggo discredit diselidiki lan ing sawijining kabeh. Pentinge kang mengkono diselidiki uga, karo fokus ing thoroughness lan objectivity lan tampilan articulable saka pikiran kritis ndadekake wae regejegan sadurunge adjudicator, pengadilan, media utawa umum banget defendable.